• December 10, 2022

What Is the Effect of Martial Law to Self Determination

A principle of international law known as uti possidetis juris supports this result. In the interest of international stability, the colonial borders of emerging economies are considered protected. Granting every ethnic …


What Is the Dictionary Definition of Colossus

He waved to an outstanding officer who was magnificent in his insignia – a blue-eyed colossus nearly six feet six. On Monday, S&P Global announced it would merge with IHS Markit …


What Is the Definition of the Word Autonomous

Overall, autonomous means free or able to make one`s own decisions. This word is of Greek origin. As for the autonomous cities of Asia, they must obtain their freedom by his …

“If the drugs hurt my body too much, I escape a little bit and then come back,” he says. “But it`s a world I can`t escape! When I shoot there, it`s there, it`s everywhere. I can`t escape. Rabo de Peixe, the fishing village where Quinci first moored his boat, is one of the poorest towns in Portugal, and locals told me it was a place where other islanders can also feel like foreigners. But this summer, it became a center for selling missing cocaine. “People from all over the island came here to buy drugs,” Ruben Frias told me. From the town square, perched on a promontory, narrow streets lined with pastel-colored houses descend to the port. In these streets, where fishermen jump over dominoes in lump bars and sip red wine in small glasses, kilos and kilos of cocaine exchanged. On the other hand, the decriminalization of drugs generally eliminates criminal sanctions, but not necessarily civil penalties for minor crimes (such as possession and social care). For example, the Northern Territory in Australia has maintained the illegal status of cannabis, but if it is caught with it, people will only receive a fine.

Decriminalizing a crime does not mean that it is legal. Speeding is a good example of a crime that is usually punishable by a civil penalty. The cultivation of cannabis, even on a very small basis from home cultivation only for personal use, can be continued. However, an unknown number of smallholder home cultivation enthusiasts raise the plants with a high degree of secrecy because of the legal penalty they could incur if prosecuted and because of the potential social stigma. In neighboring Spain, the cultivation of cannabis plants for personal use only is tolerated by the authorities, and there are many grow shops across the country that sell their products physically and online. In 2003, another update to the “Portuguese Drug Law” criminalized the possession of cannabis seeds, with the exception of certified industrial hemp seeds. This law made the purchase of cannabis seeds from legal and financially transparent online cannabis seed stores based in other European Union member states, such as neighboring Spain or the Netherlands, an illegal transaction if carried out by Portuguese residents. The provision of seeds and tools for the production and consumption of cannabis is also illegal in the country. The production and distribution of hemp products is legal but regulated. There are a small number of hemp shops in Portugal and hemp products are legal. “This strategy sets out eight principles that embody a set of values that should guide interventions in this area.” Humanism, for example, is the recognition of the inalienable human dignity of citizens, including drug addicts, and means the obligation to provide a wide range of services to those in need and to create a legal framework that does not harm them. “Pragmatism” calls for evidence-based solutions and interventions, while “participation” calls for community involvement in the definition and implementation of drug policy.

“The strategy also includes a number of 13 strategic options to guide policy on drugs: strengthening international cooperation; decriminalize (but still prohibit) drug use; focus on primary prevention; ensuring access to treatment; the extension of harm reduction measures; promoting social reintegration; the development of treatment and harm reduction in prisons; the development of treatment as an alternative to prison; increased research and training; the development of evaluation methods; simplifying interdepartmental coordination; strengthen the fight against drug trafficking and money laundering; and doubling public investment in drugs. “These principles and strategic options, which form the basis of current drug policy in Portugal, were implemented for the first time by the National Action Plan to Combat Drugs and Drug Addiction – Horizon 2004 (IDT, I.P., 2001). The plan, adopted in 2001, introduced 30 main objectives related to increasing and improving drug-related interventions and reducing drug use, risk behaviours and harms. The Plan of Action also had, for the first time, a corresponding budget, which was defined according to national priorities and distributed by the bodies responsible for its implementation. When the plan was drawn up in 1999, public investment in drugs was expected to increase by 10% each year between 1999 and 2004 and reach EUR 159 615 327 last year. However, an external evaluation carried out a few years later (see below) concluded that it was not possible to assess whether the planned budgetary objectives had actually been achieved. It is estimated that there were 33,290 high-risk opioid users in Portugal in 2015, or about 5.2 per 1,000 of the adult population. In the same year, the number of people who inject drugs was estimated at 13,160 (2 per 1,000 people aged 15 to 64). Although all drugs have been decriminalized for use, their sale is still illegal and can result in jail time. In Portugal, possession is decriminalised for personal use in certain quantities depending on the substance in question. For hashish, for example, a drug made by compressing parts of the cannabis plant, individuals are allowed to possess 5 grams of the substance.

For cannabis flowers, you can have up to 20 grams on you. The amount varies by substance and will be lower for drugs such as methamphetamine and heroin, but has been set in accordance with the “normal” amount for 10 days of self-care. Again, just because personal belongings are decriminalized doesn`t mean it`s legal. If you are caught with a small number of drugs, you can get a “subpoena” and your drugs could be seized. Portugal has decriminalized the use and possession of all drugs in a way that shifts the focus from criminal punishment to treatment. “Lisbon, Almada and Porto participate in the annual Europe-wide wastewater campaigns of the Sewage Analysis Core Group Europe (SCORE); However, no data is available for postage for 2018. This study provides data on drug use at the municipal level, based on the content of illicit drugs and their metabolites in wastewater. The results suggest an increase in cocaine and MDMA use in Lisbon between 2013 and 2018, and the use of these substances appears to be more common in Lisbon than in Porto or Almada (2016 and 2017). In addition, the presence of these substances in wastewater was higher on weekends at all sites than on weekdays. In 2018, amphetamine and methamphetamine levels detected in both cities remained low, suggesting very limited use of these substances in these cities.

“According to the EMCDDA protocol, 10 cases of drug-related deaths were recorded in 2011, the lowest level since 2006 and a 62% decrease compared to 2010.” In 2011, there is no precise information38 on the cause of death. In 2009, last year, with this information available – the predominant causes of these deaths were disorders (63%): multiple addiction or other causes (code F19.2 ICD10) that include the use of polydrugs. For the same reasons, it is not possible to provide information by sex (in 2010 all cases came from the male sex and in 2009, the male sex predominated with percentages above 84%) in terms of age is the only information available for the age group over 49 (ith [sic] 40% according to the EMCDDA). “With regard to the information on the specific mortality registers related to drug use of the INML, I.P., it is important to contextualize some indicators related to the activity of this institute.” In 2011, I.P. (7 673) increased compared to the previous year (+16 %), but the number of applications for post-slaughter toxicological tests (illegal substances) (3 089) decreased slightly (-3 %), the second highest figure of the decade and an increase of 42 % compared to 2005. The number of cases with positive toxicological results (216) decreased (-27) compared to 2010, which reduced the percentage of positivity in the tests performed (7%, 9%, 9%, 11%, 12%, 9% and 10% respectively in 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006 and 2005). The production, importation and sale of drugs are still very illegal. Even growing one`s own cannabis is still a criminal matter, as is possession of cannabis seeds. “Health care for addicts is provided by the Addiction behaviour and Addiction Referral Network.